||2008 Tax Year
Retirement Savings Contributions Credit
If you or your employer make eligible contributions (defined later) to a retirement plan, you may be able to take a credit
of up to $1,000 (up to
$2,000 if filing jointly). This credit could reduce the federal income tax you pay dollar for dollar.
Can you claim the credit?
If you or your employer make eligible contributions to a retirement plan, you can claim the credit if all of the following
You are not under age 18.
You are not a full-time student (explained later).
No one else, such as your parent(s), claims an exemption for you on their tax return.
Your adjusted gross income (defined later) is not more than:
$52,000 if your filing status is married filing jointly,
$39,000 if your filing status is head of household (with qualifying person), or
$26,000 if your filing status is single, married filing separately, or qualifying widow(er) with dependent child.
You are a full-time student if, during some part of each of 5 calendar months (not necessarily consecutive) during
the calendar year, you are
A full-time student at a school that has a regular teaching staff, course of study, and regularly enrolled body of students
A student taking a full-time, on-farm training course given by either a school that has a regular teaching staff, course of
regularly enrolled body of students in attendance, or a state, county, or local government.
You are a full-time student if you are enrolled for the number of hours or courses the school considers to be full-time.
Adjusted gross income.
This is generally the amount on line 37 of your 2007 Form 1040 or line 21 of your 2007 Form 1040A. However, you must
add to that amount any
exclusion or deduction claimed for the year for:
Contributions to a traditional or Roth IRA, and
Salary reduction contributions (elective deferrals) to:
A 401(k) plan (including a SIMPLE 401(k)),
A section 403(b) annuity,
An eligible deferred compensation plan of a state or local government (a 457 plan),
A SIMPLE IRA plan, or
A salary reduction SEP.
They also include voluntary after-tax employee contributions to a tax-qualified retirement plan or a section 403(b) annuity.
For purposes of this credit, an employee contribution will be voluntary as long as it is not required as a condition
Reducing eligible contributions.
Reduce your eligible contributions (but not below zero) by the total distributions you received during the testing
period (defined later) from any
IRA, plan, or annuity to which eligible contributions can be made. However, do not reduce your eligible contributions by the
portion of any
distribution which is not includible in income because it is a trustee-to-trustee transfer or a rollover distribution.
Reduce your eligible contributions by any distribution from a Roth IRA that is not rolled over, even if the distribution
is not taxable.
Do not reduce your eligible contributions by any distribution that is a return of a contribution to an IRA (including
a Roth IRA) made during the
year for which you claim the credit if:
The distribution is made before the due date (including extensions) of your tax return for that year,
You do not take a deduction for the contribution, and
The distribution includes any income attributable to the contribution.
Distributions received by spouse.
Any distributions your spouse receives are treated as received by you if you file a joint return with your spouse
both for the year of the
distribution and for the year for which you claim the credit.
The testing period
The year in which you claim the credit,
The 2 years before the year in which you claim the credit, and
The period after the end of the year in which you claim the credit and before the due date of the return (including extensions)
your return for the year in which you claimed the credit.
You and your spouse filed joint returns in 2005 and 2006, and plan to do so in 2007 and 2008. You received a taxable distribution
from a qualified
plan in 2005 and a taxable distribution from an eligible section 457(b) deferred compensation plan in 2006. Your spouse received
from a Roth IRA in 2007 and tax-free distributions from a Roth IRA in 2008 before April 15. You made eligible contributions
to an IRA in 2007 and you
otherwise qualify for this credit. You must reduce the amount of your qualifying contributions in 2007 by the total of the
distributions you received
in 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.
Maximum eligible contributions.
After your contributions are reduced, the maximum annual contribution on which you can base the credit is $2,000 per
Effect on other credits.
The amount of this credit will not change the amount of your refundable tax credits. A refundable tax credit, such
as the earned income credit or
the additional child tax credit, is an amount that you would receive as a refund even if you did not otherwise owe any taxes.
This is a nonrefundable credit. The amount of the credit in any year cannot be more than the amount of tax that you
would otherwise pay (not
counting any refundable credits or the adoption credit) in any year. If your tax liability is reduced to zero because of other
such as the Education credits, then you will not be entitled to this credit.
How to figure and report the credit.
The amount of the credit you can get is based on the contributions you make and your credit rate. The credit rate
can be as low as 10% or as high
as 50%. Your credit rate depends on your income and your filing status. See Form 8880, Credit for Qualified Retirement Savings
determine your credit rate.
The maximum contribution taken into account is $2,000 per person. On a joint return, up to $2,000 is taken into account
for each spouse.
Figure the credit on Form 8880. Report the credit on line 53 of your Form 1040 or line 33 of your Form 1040A, and
attach Form 8880 to your return.
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