||2008 Tax Year
If your actual contributions are greater than your MAC, you have an excess contribution. Excess contributions can result in
income tax, additional
taxes, and penalties. The effect of excess contributions depends on the type of excess contribution. This chapter discusses
excess contributions to
your 403(b) account.
Preventing Excess Contributions
To prevent excess contributions, you should figure your MAC at the beginning of each year using a reasonable estimate of compensation.
If, at any
time during the year, your employment status or your compensation changes, you should refigure your MAC using a revised estimate
How Do I Know If I Have Excess Contributions?
At the end of the year or the beginning of the next year, you should refigure your MAC based on your actual compensation and
made to your account.
If the actual contributions to your account are greater than your MAC, you have excess contributions.
What Happens If I Have Excess Contributions?
Certain excess contributions in a 403(b) account can be corrected. The effect of an excess 403(b) contribution will depend
on the type of excess
Types of excess contributions.
If, after checking your actual contributions, you determine that you have an excess, the first thing is to identify
the type of excess that you
have. Excess contributions to a 403(b) account are categorized as either an:
An excess annual addition is a contribution that is more than your limit on annual additions. To determine your limit on annual
chapter 3 (chapter 5 for ministers or church employees).
In the year that your contributions are more than your limit on annual additions, the excess amount will be included in your
Amounts in excess of the limit on annual additions that are due to elective deferrals may be distributed if the excess contributions
were made for
any one of several reasons, including:
A reasonable error in determining the amount of elective deferrals that could be made under the limit on annual additions,
A reasonable error in estimating your compensation.
If your 403(b) account invests in mutual funds, and you exceed your limit on annual additions, you may be subject to a 6%
excise tax on the excess
contribution. The excise tax does not apply to funds in an annuity account or to excess deferrals.
You must pay the excise tax each year in which there are excess contributions in your account. Excess contributions can be
contributing less than the applicable limit in later years or by making permissible distributions. See Chapter 8 for a discussion
You cannot deduct the excise tax.
You must file Form 5330 if there has been an excess contribution to a custodial account and that excess has not been
An excess elective deferral is the amount that is more than your limit on elective deferrals. To determine your limit on elective
Your employer's 403(b) plan may contain language permitting it to distribute excess deferrals. If so, it may require that,
in order to get a
distribution of excess deferrals, you either notify the plan of the amount of excess deferrals or designate a distribution
as an excess deferral. The
plan may require that the notification or designation be in writing and may require that you certify or otherwise establish
that the designated amount
is an excess deferral. A plan is not required to permit distribution of excess deferrals.
Correction of excess deferrals during year.
If you have excess deferrals for a year, a corrective distribution may be made only if both of the following conditions
You or your employer designate the distribution as an excess deferral to the extent you have excess deferrals for the year.
The correcting distribution is made after the date on which the excess deferral was made.
Correction of excess deferrals after the year.
If you have excess deferrals for a year, you may receive a corrective distribution of the excess deferral no later
than April 15 of the following
year. The plan can distribute the excess deferral (and any income allocable to the excess) no later than April 15 of the year
following the year the
excess deferral was made.
Tax treatment of excess deferrals not attributable to Roth contributions.
If the excess deferral is distributed by April 15, it is included in your income in the year contributed and the earnings
on the excess deferral
will be taxed in the year distributed.
Tax treatment of excess deferrals attributable to Roth contributions.
For these rules, see Regulations section 1.402(g)-1(e).
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