July 09, 1998
IRS Issues Spring Statistics
of Income Bulletin
WASHINGTON - The Spring issue of
the quarterly Statistics of Income Bulletin (SOI) has just been published. It includes
five articles and two data releases, concerning individual income tax returns, S
Corporations, tax exempt organizations and excise taxes.
Preliminary data for tax year 1996 show that adjusted gross
income (AGI) reported on individual income tax returns increased to over $4,554 billion,
about 9 percent more than for 1995. Taxable income, the base on which tax was computed,
increased 11 percent to $3,101 billion, while income tax grew 13 percent to more than $661
A related article shows that average individual income tax for
1995 was $6,593 per tax return, or 14.7 percent of AGI. Tax Year 1995 was the fourth
consecutive year for which this percentage increased. The top 5 percent of taxpayers
reported 29 percent of the income and 49 percent of the tax. To be included in the top 5
percent, a tax return had to show AGI of at least $96,221. For 1995, the lowest tax rate,
15 percent, generated 22 percent of the tax; the highest rate, 39.6 percent, generated 23
percent. About 565,000 returns reported income taxed at the highest rate.
A third article notes that while the growth of S Corporations
(generally qualifying small companies electing to be taxed through shareholders) slowed
for 1995, their number (2.2 million) remained at nearly half of all corporation income tax
returns filed. The majority of S Corporations (82 percent) were owned by only one or two
shareholders. Total profits of these corporations, including "portfolio income,"
were $99.1 billion, up 8 percent over 1994. About 71 percent of companies filing as S
Corporations for the first time were already corporations and 29 percent were newly
Yet another article shows that for 1994, total revenue
reported by nonprofit charitable organizations (excluding private foundations) rose to
$589 billion, 4 percent more than for 1993. Only 175,000 of the 579,000 tax-exempt
charities were required to file returns; the remainder were either too small or were
churches or other religious organizations. Organizations with total assets of $10 million
or more accounted for 5 percent of the returns, but 79 percent of the revenue. Hospitals
were the leading type of organization, with 45 percent of the total revenue.
A related article indicates that about 35,700 tax-exempt
nonprofit organizations reported $5.4 billion of gross unrelated business income for 1994.
This was income not related to the organizations' tax-exempt purpose. Over half the
organizations reported a profit, which totaled $643 million, 6.5 percent more than for
1993. Their total tax liability was $195 million.
According to one of the data releases, there was a net
decrease from fiscal year 1995 to fiscal year 1996 in the combined total excise tax
collections reported by IRS, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, and the Customs
Service, from over $59 billion to $56 billion. Tobacco tax collections, however, remained
about the same at $6 billion.
This issue also provides individual income tax return data by
State for tax year 1996 (returns filed throughout 1997). California, Texas, and New York
were the leading States, with 25 percent of the returns filed, 26 percent of the AGI, 27
percent of the tax, and 29 percent of the earned income tax credit.
The Statistics of Income Bulletin is available from the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh,
PA 152507954. The annual subscription rate is $29 ($36.25 foreign); single issues cost $18
($22.50 foreign). For other Statistics of Income (SOI) data, write the Director,
Statistics of Income Division OP:RS:S, Internal Revenue Service, P.O. Box 2608,
Washington, DC 20013-2608; dial the SOI electronic bulletin board at (202) 874-9574; check
the World Wide Web at http://www.irs.gov;
or telephone the SOI statistical information services office at (202) 874-0410 (or, by
e-mail, [email protected]; by fax, (202) 874-0964).
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