||2008 Tax Year
Medical and Dental Expenses
Standard mileage rate. The standard mileage rate allowed for operating expenses for a car when you use it for medical reasons is:
19 cents per mile from January 1–June 30, and
27 cents per mile from July 1–December 31, 2008.
What Medical Expenses Are Includible.
Diagnostic medical tests. The following medical procedures and devices have been determined to be medical expenses:
Health coverage tax credit. There is a credit for health insurance premiums paid by certain workers who are displaced by foreign trade or who are receiving
a pension from the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation. For more information, see
Health Coverage Tax Credit
in chapter 37.
This chapter will help you determine the following.
What medical expenses are.
What expenses you can include this year.
How much of the expenses you can deduct.
Whose medical expenses you can include.
What medical expenses are includible.
How to treat reimbursements.
How to report the deduction on your tax return.
How to report impairment-related work expenses.
How to report health insurance costs if you are self-employed.
Useful Items - You may want to see:
What Are Medical Expenses?
Medical expenses are the costs of diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, and the costs for treatments
affecting any part or function of the body. They include the costs of equipment, supplies, and diagnostic devices needed for
these purposes. They also include dental expenses.
Medical care expenses must be primarily to alleviate or prevent a physical or mental defect or illness. Do not include expenses
that are merely beneficial to general health, such as vitamins or a vacation.
Medical expenses include the premiums you pay for insurance that covers the expenses of medical care, and the amounts you
pay for transportation to get medical care. Medical expenses also include amounts paid for qualified long-term care services
and limited amounts paid for any qualified long-term care insurance contract.
What Expenses Can You Include This Year?
You can include only the medical and dental expenses you paid this year, regardless of when the services were provided. If
you pay medical expenses by check, the day you mail or deliver the check generally is the date of payment. If you use a “pay-by-phone” or “online” account to pay your medical expenses, the date reported on the statement of the financial institution showing when payment
was made is the date of payment. If you use a credit card, include medical expenses you charge to your credit card in the
year the charge is made, not when you actually pay the amount charged.
If you and your spouse live in a noncommunity property state and file separate returns, each of you can include only
the medical expenses you actually paid. Any medical expenses paid out of a joint checking account in which you and your spouse
have the same interest are considered to have been paid equally by each of you, unless you can show otherwise.
Community property states.
If you and your spouse live in a community property state and file separate returns, any medical expenses paid out
of community funds are divided equally. Each of you should include half the expenses. If medical expenses are paid out of
the separate funds of one spouse, only the spouse who paid the medical expenses can include them. If you live in a community
property state, are married, and file a separate return, see Publication 555, Community Property.
How Much of the Expenses Can You Deduct?
You can deduct only the amount of your medical and dental expenses that is more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income (Form
1040, line 38).
In this chapter, the term “7.5% limit” is used to refer to 7.5% of your adjusted gross income. The phrase “subject to the 7.5% limit” is also used. This phrase means that you must subtract 7.5% (.075) of your adjusted gross income from your medical expenses
to figure your medical expense deduction.
Your adjusted gross income is $40,000, 7.5% of which is $3,000. You paid medical expenses of $2,500. You cannot deduct any
of your medical expenses because they are not more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income.
Whose Medical Expenses Can You Include?
You can generally include medical expenses you pay for yourself as well as those you pay for someone who was your spouse or
your dependent either when the services were provided or when you paid for them. There are different rules for decedents and
for individuals who are the subject of multiple support agreements. See
Support claimed under a multiple support agreement
What if you are claimed as a dependent on someone else's return?
Even if you, or your spouse if you are filing a joint return, are claimed as a dependent on someone else's tax return,
you can include the medical expenses of any person you could have claimed as a dependent if you, or your spouse if filing
jointly, were not being claimed as a dependent on someone else's return.
You can include medical expenses you paid for yourself.
You can include medical expenses you paid for your spouse. To include these expenses, you must have been married either at
the time your spouse received the medical services or at the time you paid the medical expenses.
Mary received medical treatment before she married Bill. Bill paid for the treatment after they married. Bill can include
these expenses in figuring his medical expense deduction even if Bill and Mary file separate returns.
If Mary had paid the expenses, Bill could not include Mary's expenses in his separate return. Mary would include the amounts
she paid during the year in her separate return. If they filed a joint return, the medical expenses both paid during the year
would be used to figure their medical expense deduction.
This year, John paid medical expenses for his wife Louise, who died last year. John married Belle this year and they file
a joint return. Because John was married to Louise when she received the medical services, he can include those expenses in
figuring his medical deduction for this year.
You can include medical expenses you paid for your dependent. For you to include these expenses, the person must have been
your dependent either at the time the medical services were provided or at the time you paid the expenses. A person generally
qualifies as your dependent for purposes of the medical expense deduction if both of the following requirements are met.
The person was a qualifying child (defined later) or a qualifying relative (defined later), and
The person was a U.S. citizen or national, or a resident of the United States, Canada, or Mexico. If your qualifying child
was adopted, see
Exception for adopted child,
Exception for adopted child.
If you are a U.S. citizen or U.S. national and your adopted child lived with you as a member of your household for
2008, that child does not have to be a U.S. citizen or national or a resident of the United States, Canada, or Mexico.
A qualifying child is a child who:
Is your son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, or a descendant of any of them (for
example, your grandchild, niece, or nephew),
At the end of 2008 was:
Under age 19,
Under age 24 and a full-time student, or
Permanently and totally disabled,
Lived with you for more than half of 2008, and
Did not provide over half of his or her own support for 2008.
A legally adopted child is treated as your own child. This includes a child lawfully placed with you for legal adoption.
You can include medical expenses that you paid for a child before adoption if the child qualified as your dependent
when the medical services were provided or when the expenses were paid.
If you pay back an adoption agency or other persons for medical expenses they paid under an agreement with you, you
are treated as having paid those expenses provided you clearly substantiate that the payment is directly attributable to the
medical care of the child.
But if you pay the agency or other person for medical care that was provided and paid for before adoption negotiations
began, you cannot include them as medical expenses.
You may be able to take an adoption credit for other expenses related to an adoption. See the Instructions for Form 8839,
Qualified Adoption Expenses, for more information.
Child of divorced or separated parents.
For purposes of the medical and dental expenses deduction, a child of divorced or separated parents can be treated
as a dependent of both parents. Each parent can include the medical expenses he or she pays for the child, even if the other
parent claims the child's dependency exemption, if:
The child is in the custody of one or both parents for more than half the year,
The child receives over half of his or her support during the year from his or her parents, and
The child's parents:
Are divorced or legally separated under a decree of divorce or separate maintenance,
Are separated under a written separation agreement, or
Live apart at all times during the last 6 months of the year.
This does not apply if the child's exemption is being claimed under a multiple support agreement (discussed later).
A qualifying relative is a person:
Who is your:
Son, daughter, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them (for example, your grandchild),
Brother, sister, or a son or daughter of either of them,
Father, mother, or an ancestor or sibling of either of them (for example, your grandmother, grandfather, aunt, or uncle),
Stepbrother, stepsister, stepfather, stepmother, son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law,
or sister-in-law, or
Any other person (other than your spouse) who lived with you all year as a member of your household if your relationship did
not violate local law,
Who was not a qualifying child (see
earlier) of any other person for 2008, and
For whom you provided over half of the support in 2008. But see
Child of divorced or separated parents
, earlier, and Support claimed under a multiple support agreement, next.
Support claimed under a multiple support agreement.
If you are considered to have provided more than half of a qualifying relative's support under a multiple support
agreement, you can include medical expenses you pay for that person. A multiple support agreement is used when two or more
people provide more than half of a person's support, but no one alone provides more than half.
For rules regarding what expenses you can include this year, see
What Expenses Can You Include This Year,
Any medical expenses paid by others who joined you in the agreement cannot be included as medical expenses by anyone.
However, you can include the entire unreimbursed amount you paid for medical expenses.
You and your three brothers each provide one-fourth of your mother's total support. Under a multiple support agreement, you
treat your mother as your dependent. You paid all of her medical expenses. Your brothers reimbursed you for three-fourths
of these expenses. In figuring your medical expense deduction, you can include only one-fourth of your mother's medical expenses.
Your brothers cannot include any part of the expenses. However, if you and your brothers share the nonmedical support items
and you separately pay all of your mother's medical expenses, you can include the unreimbursed amount you paid for her medical
expenses in your medical expenses.
Medical expenses paid before death by the decedent are included in figuring any deduction for medical and dental expenses
on the decedent's final income tax return. This includes expenses for the decedent's spouse and dependents as well as for
The survivor or personal representative of a decedent can choose to treat certain expenses paid by the decedent's estate for
the decedent's medical care as paid by the decedent at the time the medical services were provided. The expenses must be paid
within the 1-year period beginning with the day after the date of death. If you are the survivor or personal representative
making this choice, you must attach a statement to the decedent's Form 1040 (or the decedent's amended return, Form 1040X)
saying that the expenses have not been and will not be claimed on the estate tax return.
Qualified medical expenses paid before death by the decedent are not deductible if paid with a tax-free distribution from
any Archer MSA or health savings account.
Amended returns and claims for refund are discussed in chapter 1.
What if you pay medical expenses of a deceased spouse or dependent?
If you paid medical expenses for your deceased spouse or dependent, include them as medical expenses on your Form
1040 in the year paid, whether they are paid before or after the decedent's death. The expenses can be included if the person
was your spouse or dependent either at the time the medical services were provided or at the time you paid the expenses.
What Medical Expenses Are Includible?
Use Table 21-1 below, as a guide to determine which medical and dental expenses you can include on Schedule A (Form 1040).
This table does not include all possible medical expenses. To determine if an expense not listed can be included in figuring
your medical expense deduction, see
What Are Medical Expenses
You can include in medical expenses insurance premiums you pay for policies that cover medical care. Medical care policies
can provide payment for treatment that includes:
Hospitalization, surgical services, X-rays,
Prescription drugs and insulin,
Replacement of lost or damaged contact lenses, or
Long-term care (subject to additional limitations). See Qualified Long-term Care Insurance Contracts in Publication 502.
If you have a policy that provides payments for other than medical care, you can include the premiums for the medical care
part of the policy if the charge for the medical part is reasonable. The cost of the medical part must be separately stated
in the insurance contract or given to you in a separate statement.
When figuring the amount of insurance premiums you can include in medical expenses on Schedule A, do not include any health
coverage tax credit advance payments shown in box 1 of Form 1099-H, Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC) Advance Payments.
Employer-sponsored health insurance plan.
Do not include in your medical and dental expenses any insurance premiums paid by an employer-sponsored health insurance
plan unless the premiums are included in box 1 of your Form W-2. Also, do not include any other medical and dental expenses
paid by the plan unless the amount paid is included in box 1 of your Form W-2.
You are a federal employee participating in the premium conversion plan of the Federal Employee Health Benefits (FEHB) program.
Your share of the FEHB premium is paid by making a pre-tax reduction in your salary. Because you are an employee whose insurance
premiums are paid with money that is never included in your gross income, you cannot deduct the premiums paid with that money.
Long-term care services.
Contributions made by your employer to provide coverage for qualified long-term care services under a flexible spending
or similar arrangement must be included in your income. This amount will be reported as wages in box 1 of your Form W-2.
Health reimbursement arrangement (HRA).
If you have medical expenses that are reimbursed by a health reimbursement arrangement, you cannot include those expenses
in your medical expenses. This is because an HRA is funded solely by the employer.
Retired public safety officers.
If you are a retired public safety officer, do not include as medical expenses any health or long-term care premiums
that you elect to have paid with tax-free distributions from your retirement plan. This applies only to distributions that
would otherwise be included in income.
If you are covered under social security (or if you are a government employee who paid Medicare tax), you are enrolled
in Medicare A. The payroll tax paid for Medicare A is not a medical expense. If you are not covered under social security
(or were not a government employee who paid Medicare tax), you can voluntarily enroll in Medicare A. In this situation you
can include the premiums you paid for Medicare A as a medical expense.
Medicare B is supplemental medical insurance. Premiums you pay for Medicare B are a medical expense. If you applied
for it at age 65 or after you became disabled, you can include in medical expenses the monthly premiums you paid. Check the
information you received from the Social Security Administration to find out your premium.
Medicare D is a voluntary prescription drug insurance program for persons with Medicare A or B. You can include as
a medical expense premiums you pay for Medicare D.
Prepaid insurance premiums.
Premiums you pay before you are age 65 for insurance for medical care for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents
after you reach age 65 are medical care expenses in the year paid if they are:
Payable in equal yearly installments, or more often, and
Payable for at least 10 years, or until you reach age 65 (but not for less than 5 years).
Unused sick leave used to pay premiums.
You must include in gross income cash payments you receive at the time of retirement for unused sick leave. You also
must include in gross income the value of unused sick leave that, at your option, your employer applies to the cost of your
continuing participation in your employer's health plan after you retire. You can include this cost of continuing participation
in the health plan as a medical expense.
If you participate in a health plan where your employer automatically applies the value of unused sick leave to the
cost of your continuing participation in the health plan (and you do not have the option to receive cash), do not include
the value of the unused sick leave in gross income. You cannot include this cost of continuing participation in that health
plan as a medical expense.
Table 21-1.Medical and Dental Expenses Checklist See Publication 502 for more information for these and other expenses.
|You can include:
||You cannot include:
Birth control pills prescribed by your doctor
Capital expenses for equipment or improvements to your home needed for medical care (see the worksheet in Publication 502)
Expenses of an organ donor
Eye surgery—to promote the correct function of the eye
Fertility enhancement, certain procedures
Guide dogs or other animals aiding the blind, deaf, and disabled
Hospital services fees (lab work, therapy, nursing services, surgery, etc.)
Lead-based paint removal
Legal operation to prevent having children such as a vasectomy or tubal ligation
Long-term care contracts, qualified
Meals and lodging provided by a hospital during medical treatment
Medical services fees (from doctors, dentists, surgeons, specialists, and other medical practitioners)
Medicare Part D premiums
Medical and hospital insurance premiums
Oxygen equipment and oxygen
Part of life-care fee paid to retirement home designated for medical care
Pregnancy test kit
Prescription medicines (prescribed by a doctor) and insulin
Psychiatric and psychological treatment
Social security tax, Medicare tax, FUTA, and state employment tax for worker providing medical care (see Wages for nursing services, below)
Special items (artificial limbs, false teeth, eye-glasses, contact lenses, hearing aids, crutches, wheelchair, etc.)
Special education for mentally or physically disabled persons
Transportation for needed medical care
Treatment at a drug or alcohol center (includes meals and lodging provided by the center)
Wages for nursing services
Weight-loss, certain expenses for obesity
Baby sitting and childcare
Contributions to Archer MSAs (see Publication 969)
Expenses for your general health (even if following your doctor's advice) such as—
—Health club dues
—Household help (even if recommended by a doctor)
—Social activities, such as dancing or swimming lessons
—Trip for general health improvement
Flexible spending account reimbursements for medical expenses (if contributions were on a pre-tax basis)
Funeral, burial, or cremation expenses
Health savings account payments for medical expenses
Illegal operation or treatment
Life insurance or income protection policies, or policies providing payment for loss of life, limb, sight, etc.
Medical insurance included in a car insurance policy covering all persons injured in or by your car
Medicine you buy without a prescription
Nursing care for a healthy baby
Prescription drugs you brought in (or ordered shipped) from another country, in most cases
Nutritional supplements, vitamins, herbal supplements, “natural medicines,” etc., unless recommended by a medical practitioner as a treatment for a specific medical condition diagnosed by a physician
Surgery for purely cosmetic reasons
Toothpaste, toiletries, cosmetics, etc.
Weight-loss expenses not for the treatment of obesity or other disease
You can include in medical expenses the cost of meals and lodging at a hospital or similar institution if a principal reason
for being there is to get medical care. See
You may be able to include in medical expenses the cost of lodging not provided in a hospital or similar institution. You
can include the cost of such lodging while away from home if all of the following requirements are met.
The lodging is primarily for and essential to medical care.
The medical care is provided by a doctor in a licensed hospital or in a medical care facility related to, or the equivalent
of, a licensed hospital.
The lodging is not lavish or extravagant under the circumstances.
There is no significant element of personal pleasure, recreation, or vacation in the travel away from home.
The amount you include in medical expenses for lodging cannot be more than $50 for each night for each person. You can include
lodging for a person traveling with the person receiving the medical care. For example, if a parent is traveling with a sick
child, up to $100 per night can be included as a medical expense for lodging. Meals are not included.
You can include in medical expenses the cost of medical care in a nursing home, home for the aged, or similar institution,
for yourself, your spouse, or your dependents. This includes the cost of meals and lodging in the home if a principal reason
for being there is to get medical care.
Do not include the cost of meals and lodging if the reason for being in the home is personal. You can, however, include
in medical expenses the part of the cost that is for medical or nursing care.
You can include in medical expenses the amount you pay for an annual physical examination and diagnostic test by a physician.
You do not have to be ill at the time of the examination.
You can include in medical expenses amounts paid for transportation primarily for, and essential to, medical care.
You can include:
Bus, taxi, train, or plane fares, or ambulance service,
Transportation expenses of a parent who must go with a child who needs medical care,
Transportation expenses of a nurse or other person who can give injections, medications, or other treatment required by a
patient who is traveling to get medical care and is unable to travel alone, and
Transportation expenses for regular visits to see a mentally ill dependent, if these visits are recommended as a part of treatment.
You can include out-of-pocket expenses, such as the cost of gas and oil, when you use your car for medical reasons.
You cannot include depreciation, insurance, general repair, or maintenance expenses.
If you do not want to use your actual expenses for 2008, you can use a standard rate of 19 cents a mile for use of
a car for medical reasons from January 1–June 30. Use the rate of 27 cents a mile for miles driven from July 1–December 31,
for medical reasons.
You can also include parking fees and tolls. You can add these fees and tolls to your medical expenses whether you use actual
expenses or use the standard mileage rate.
Bill Jones drove 2,800 miles for medical reasons during the year. Bill drove 1,000 from January 1–June 30 and 1,800 miles
from July 1–December 31. He spent $400 for gas, $30 for oil, and $100 for tolls and parking. He wants to figure the amount
he can include in medical expenses both ways to see which gives him the greater deduction.
He figures the actual expenses first. He adds the $400 for gas, the $30 for oil, and the $100 for tolls and parking for a
total of $530.
He then figures the standard mileage amount. He multiplies the 1,000 miles by 19 cents a mile and 1,800 miles by 27 cents
a mile for a total of $676. He then adds the $100 in tolls and parking for a total of $776.
Bill includes the $776 of car expenses with his other medical expenses for the year because the $776 is more than the $530
he figured using actual expenses.
Transportation expenses you cannot include.
You cannot include in medical expenses the cost of transportation expenses in the following situations.
Going to and from work, even if your condition requires an unusual means of transportation.
Travel for purely personal reasons to another city for an operation or other medical care.
Travel that is merely for the general improvement of one's health.
The costs of operating a specially equipped car for other than medical reasons.
Disabled Dependent Care Expenses
Some disabled dependent care expenses may qualify as either:
You can choose to apply them either way as long as you do not use the same expenses to claim both a credit and a medical expense
How Do You Treat Reimbursements?
You can include in medical expenses only those amounts paid during the taxable year for which you received no insurance or
You must reduce your total medical expenses for the year by all reimbursements for medical expenses that you receive from
insurance or other sources during the year. This includes payments from Medicare.
Even if a policy provides reimbursement for only certain specific medical expenses, you must use amounts you receive from
that policy to reduce your total medical expenses, including those it does not provide reimbursement for.
You have insurance policies that cover your hospital and doctors' bills but not your nursing bills. The insurance you receive
for the hospital and doctors' bills is more than their charges. In figuring your medical deduction, you must reduce the total
amount you spent for medical care by the total amount of insurance you received, even if the policies do not cover some of
your medical expenses.
Health reimbursement arrangement (HRA).
A health reimbursement arrangement is an employer-funded plan that reimburses employees for medical care expenses
and allows unused amounts to be carried forward. An HRA is funded solely by the employer and the reimbursements for medical
expenses, up to a maximum dollar amount for a coverage period, are not included in your income.
Generally, you do not reduce medical expenses by payments you receive for:
Permanent loss or loss of use of a member or function of the body (loss of limb, sight, hearing, etc.) or disfigurement to
the extent the payment is based on the nature of the injury without regard to the amount of time lost from work, or
Loss of earnings.
You must, however, reduce your medical expenses by any part of these payments that is designated for medical costs.
How Do You Figure and Report the Deduction on Your Tax Return
For how to treat damages received for personal injury or sickness, see
Damages for Personal Injuries,
You do not have a medical deduction if you are reimbursed for all of your medical expenses for the year.
If you are reimbursed more than your medical expenses, you may have to include the excess in income. You may want
to use Figure 21-A to help you decide if any of your reimbursement is taxable.
Premiums paid by you.
If you pay either the entire premium for your medical insurance or all of the costs of a plan similar to medical insurance
and your insurance payments or other reimbursements are more than your total medical expenses for the year, you have an excess
reimbursement. You generally do not include the excess reimbursement in your gross income.
Premiums paid by you and your employer.
If both you and your employer contribute to your medical insurance plan and your employer's contributions are not
included in your gross income, you must include in your gross income the part of your excess reimbursement that is from your
See Publication 502 to figure the amount of the excess reimbursement you must include in gross income.
Reimbursement in a later year.
If you are reimbursed in a later year for medical expenses you deducted in an earlier year, you generally must report
the reimbursement as income up to the amount you previously deducted as medical expenses.
However, do not report as income the amount of reimbursement you received up to the amount of your medical deductions
that did not reduce your tax for the earlier year. For more information about the recovery of an amount that you claimed as
an itemized deduction in an earlier year, see
Itemized Deduction Recoveries
in chapter 12.
Medical expenses not deducted.
If you did not deduct a medical expense in the year you paid it because your medical expenses were not more than 7.5%
of your adjusted gross income, or because you did not itemize deductions, do not include the reimbursement up to the amount
of the expense in income. However, if the reimbursement is more than the expense, see
Last year, you had medical expenses of $500. You cannot deduct the $500 because it is less than 7.5% of your adjusted gross
income. If, in a later year, you are reimbursed for any of the $500 in medical expenses, you do not include the amount reimbursed
in your gross income.
Damages for Personal Injuries
If you receive an amount in settlement of a personal injury suit, part of that award may be for medical expenses that you
deducted in an earlier year. If it is, you must include that part in your income in the year you receive it to the extent
it reduced your taxable income in the earlier year. See
Reimbursement in a Later Year
, discussed under How Do You Treat Reimbursements.
Future medical expenses.
If you receive an amount in settlement of a damage suit for personal injuries, part of that award may be for future
medical expenses. If it is, you must reduce any future medical expenses for these injuries until the amount you received has
been completely used.
How Do You Figure and Report the Deduction on Your Tax Return?
Once you have determined which medical care expenses you can include, you figure and report the deduction on your tax return.
What Tax Form Do You Use?
You figure your medical expense deduction on lines 1–4 of Schedule A, Form 1040. You cannot claim medical expenses on Form
1040A, or Form 1040EZ. If you need more information on itemized deductions or you are not sure if you can itemize, see chapters
20 and 29.
Enter the amount you paid for medical and dental expenses on line 1, Schedule A (Form 1040). This should be your expenses
that were not reimbursed by insurance or any other sources.
You can deduct only the amount of your medical and dental expenses that is more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income shown
on line 38, Form 1040. For an example, see the partial Schedule A, above.
Impairment-Related Work Expenses
If you are disabled, you can take a business deduction for expenses that are necessary for you to be able to work. If you
take a business deduction for these impairment-related work expenses, they are not subject to the 7.5% limit that applies
to medical expenses.
You are disabled if you have:
A physical or mental disability (for example, blindness or deafness) that functionally limits your being employed, or
A physical or mental impairment (for example, a sight or hearing impairment) that substantially limits one or more of your
major life activities, such as performing manual tasks, walking, speaking, breathing, learning, or working.
Impairment-related expenses defined.
Impairment-related expenses are those ordinary and necessary business expenses that are:
Necessary for you to do your work satisfactorily,
For goods and services not required or used, other than incidentally, in your personal activities, and
Not specifically covered under other income tax laws.
Where to report.
If you are self-employed, deduct the business expenses on the appropriate form (Schedule C, C-EZ, E, or F) used to
report your business income and expenses.
If you are an employee, complete Form 2106, Employee Business Expenses, or Form 2106-EZ, Unreimbursed Employee Business
Expenses. Enter on Schedule A (Form 1040), line 28, that part of the amount on Form 2106, line 10, or Form 2106-EZ, line 6,
that is related to your impairment. Enter the amount that is unrelated to your impairment on Schedule A (Form 1040), line
21. Your impairment-related work expenses are not subject to the 2%-of-adjusted-gross-income limit that applies to other employee
You are blind. You must use a reader to do your work. You use the reader both during your regular working hours at your place
of work and outside your regular working hours away from your place of work. The reader's services are only for your work.
You can deduct your expenses for the reader as business expenses.
Health Insurance Costs for Self-Employed Persons
If you were self-employed and had a net profit for the year, you may be able to deduct, as an adjustment to income, amounts
paid for medical and qualified long-term care insurance on behalf of yourself, your spouse, and your dependents.
For those purposes, you were self-employed if you were a general partner (or a limited partner receiving guaranteed payments)
or you received wages from an S corporation in which you were more than a 2% shareholder.
The insurance plan must be established under your trade or business and the deduction cannot be more than your earned income
from that trade or business.
You cannot deduct payments for medical insurance for any month in which you were eligible to participate in a health plan
subsidized by your employer or your spouse's employer. You cannot deduct payments for a qualified long-term care insurance
contract for any month in which you were eligible to participate in a long-term care insurance plan subsidized by your employer
or your spouse's employer.
If you qualify to take the deduction, use the Self-Employed Health Insurance Deduction Worksheet in the Form 1040 instructions
to figure the amount you can deduct. But if any of the following applies, do not use the worksheet.
You had more than one source of income subject to self-employment tax.
You file Form 2555, Foreign Earned Income, or Form 2555-EZ, Foreign Earned Income Exclusion.
You are using amounts paid for qualified long-term care insurance to figure the deduction.
If you cannot use the worksheet in the Form 1040 instructions, use the worksheet in Publication 535, Business Expenses, to
figure your deduction.
When figuring the amount you can deduct for insurance premiums, do not include any advance payments shown in box 1 of Form
1099-H, Health Coverage Tax Credit (HCTC) Advance Payments. Also, if you are claiming the health coverage tax credit, subtract
the amount shown on Form 8885, line 4, from the total insurance premiums you paid.
Also, do not include amounts paid for health insurance coverage with retirement plan distributions that were tax-free because
you are a retired public safety officer.
Where to report.
You take this deduction on Form 1040, line 29. If you itemize your deductions and do not claim 100% of your self-employed
health insurance on line 29, include any remaining premiums with all other medical care expenses on Schedule A (Form 1040),
subject to the 7.5% limit. See chapter 6 of Publication 535, Business Expenses, for more information.
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