Household employees include housekeepers, maids, babysitters, gardeners, and others who
work in or around your private residence as your employees. Repairmen, plumbers,
contractors, and other business people who work for you as independent contractors are not
If you pay a household employee cash wages of $1,000 or more in a calendar year, you
generally must withhold social security and Medicare taxes from all cash wages you pay to
that employee. Unless you prefer to pay your employee's share of social security and
Medicare taxes from your own funds, you should withhold 7.65% (6.2% for social security
tax and 1.45% for Medicare tax) from each payment of cash wages. Instead of paying this
amount to your employee, you will pay it to the IRS with a matching amount for your share
of the taxes. However, do not withhold or pay these taxes from wages you pay to your
spouse, your child who is under age 21, your parent unless exception is met or an employee
who is under age 18 at any time during the year unless performing household work is the
employee's principal occupation. If the employee is a student, performing household work
is not considered to be his or her principal occupation.
You are not required to withhold federal income tax from wages you pay a household
employee. However, if your employee asks you to withhold federal income tax and you agree,
you will need Form W-4, Employee's Withholding Allowance
Certificate, and Publication 15, which has tax withholding
If you withhold or pay social security and Medicare taxes or withhold federal income
tax, you will need to file Form W-2 after the end of the year. To
complete Form W-2 you will need both an employer identification number and your employee's
social security number. If you do not already have an employer identification number, call
1-800-829-3676, or download Form SS-4 to apply for one. If you will
file more that one Form W-2, you will also need a Form W-3. Refer to Topics
752 and 755 for more information.
If you pay cash wages to household employees totaling $1,000 or more in any calendar
quarter of this year or last year, you generally must pay federal unemployment tax on the
first $7,000 of cash wages you pay to each of your household employees this year.
If you must file Form W-2 or pay federal unemployment tax, you will also need to file a
Schedule H, Household Employment Taxes after the end of the year with your
individual income tax return (Form 1040 or 1040A).
However, a sole proprietor who must file Form 940
and Form 941 or Form 943 for business employees may include
household employee tax information on these forms.
You can avoid owing tax with your return if you pay enough federal income tax before
you file, to cover both the employment taxes for your household employee and your income
tax. If you are employed, you can ask your employer to withhold more federal income tax
from your wages during the year. You can also make estimated tax payments to the IRS
during the year, or increase the payments you already make.
The estimated tax penalty does not apply to employment taxes for your household
employees for 1997.
For more information, order Publication 926, Household
Employer's Guide, by calling 1-800-829-3676.
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