April 07, 1998
IRS Commissioner Expands Taxpayer
WASHINGTON - The Commissioner of
Internal Revenue has put more strength behind the Taxpayer Advocate's recommendations to
IRS functions -- a new authority to mandate that administrative or procedural changes
requested by the Advocate be implemented. Previously, the Advocate could not order such
actions to be taken.
"The Taxpayer Advocate is the voice of the people, and I
want to ensure that IRS functions listen to that voice," said IRS Commissioner
Charles 0. Rossotti. "While our various operations are usually receptive to the
Advocate's requests, giving the Advocate this authority to direct implementation will help
to resolve any potential disagreements."
This new authority to issue a Taxpayer Advocate Directive
(TAD) applies to changes recommended to improve operations or grant relief to groups of
taxpayers, or to all taxpayers. It is similar to the way a Taxpayer Assistance Order
grants relief to an individual taxpayer. The action must be needed to protect taxpayers'
rights, prevent undue burden, ensure equitable treatment, or provide an essential service.
A TAD will not be issued to interpret tax law. The only way to appeal a TAD will be for
the Chief Officer of the function involved to go the IRS Deputy Commissioner.
Generally, the Advocate will first issue a Proposed TAD to the
chief of the responsible area, with a set response date. That chief may agree to the
proposed action, submit a counterproposal, or explain why the action cannot take place.
The Advocate may accept the response or work with the chief toward a solution. The
Advocate can issue a TAD if not satisfied with the outcome.
For example, the Advocate might propose procedures that would
give taxpayers more flexibility when making installment plan payments. But the function
might object that the proposal would unnecessarily delay tax collections, since taxpayers
could afford to pay more than the monthly installments called for under the proposed
procedures. If they could not agree on a solution and the Advocate believed the procedures
were needed to prevent undue burden on taxpayers, the Advocate could issue a TAD to make
the function comply.
If the Taxpayer Advocate determines that a problem is
immediate and has a significant negative impact on taxpayers, the Advocate can issue a TAD
without first giving a proposed directive. The Deputy Commissioner will immediately review
such an expedited TAD, and will meet with the Advocate and the responsible chief as soon
as possible to resolve the problem.
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