Enactment of a Law
by Robert B. Dove, Parliamentarian, U.S. Senate
The legislative branch of government has responsibilities which in
many cases transcend the process of enactment of legislation. Among these
are the Senate's power of advice and consent with regard to treaties and
nominations. The preeminent role of the legislative branch, however, is
its concern with legislation.
"All legislative Powers" granted to the Federal government
by the Constitution, as stated in Article I, Section I, are vested in a
Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House
of Representatives. The Congress meets at least once a year and has been
doing so since 1789 in the following locations: from March 4, 1789 through
August 12, 1790, in Federal Hall, New York, New York; from December 6,
1790 through December 2, 1799, in Congress Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvani;
and from November 17, 1800, at the Capitol, in Washington, D. C.
Since the Constitution prescribes that there be two Senators from
each State, the Senate is presently composed of 100 Members. Also pursuant
to the Constitution, a Senator must be at least 30 years of age, have been
a citizen of the United States for nine years, and, when elected, be a
resident of the State for which the Senator is chosen. The term of office
is six years and approximately one-third of the total membership of the
Senate is elected every second year.
Enactment of a Law | Educational Stuff Main | Home