You must report unearned income, such as interest, dividends, and pensions,
from sources outside the United States unless exempt by law or a tax
treaty. You must also report earned income, such as wages and tips, from
sources outside the United States.
If you worked abroad, you may be able to exclude part or all of your earned
income. For details, see Pub. 54 and Form 2555 or 2555-EZ.
Community Property States
Community property states are Arizona, California, Idaho, Louisiana, Nevada,
New Mexico, Texas, Washington, and Wisconsin. If you and your spouse lived
in a community property state, you must usually follow state law to determine
what is community income and what is separate income. For details, see
Rounding Off to Whole Dollars
To round off cents to the nearest whole
dollar on your forms and schedules, drop amounts under 50 cents and increase
amounts from 50 to 99 cents to the next dollar. If you do round off, do so for all
amounts. But if you have to add two or more amounts to figure the amount to enter on a
line, include cents when adding and only round off the total.
Line 7 - Wages, Salaries, Tips, etc.
Enter the total of your wages, salaries, tips, etc. If a joint return, also include your spouse’s
income. For most people, the amount to enter on this Line should be shown in box 1 of their Form(s) W-2. But the following types of income must also be
included in the total on Line 7.
- Wages received as a household employee for which you did not receive a W-2
form because your employer paid you less than $1,300 in 2002. Also, enter “HSH” and
the amount not reported on a W-2 form on the dotted line next to Line 7.
- Tip income you did not report to your employer. Also include allocated tips shown
on your W-2 form(s) unless you can prove that you received less. Allocated tips
should be shown in box 8 of your W-2 form(s). They are not included as income in
box 1. See Pub. 531 for more details.
You may owe social security and Medicare tax on unreported or allocated tips. See the instructions for Line 57 on page 41.
- Dependent care benefits, which should be shown in box 10 of your W-2 form(s). But
first complete Form 2441 to see if you may
exclude part or all of the benefits.
- Employer-provided adoption benefits, which should be shown in box 12 of your W-2 form(s)
with code T. But first complete Form 8839 to
see if you may exclude part or all of the benefits.
- Scholarship and fellowship grants not reported
on a W-2 form. Also, enter “SCH” and the amount
on the dotted line next to Line 7. Exception. If you were a degree candidate, include on Line
7 only the amounts you used for expenses other than tuition and course-related expenses. For
example, amounts used for room, board, and travel must be reported on Line 7.
- Excess salary deferrals. The amount deferred should be shown in box 12 of your W-2 form and
the "Retirement Plan" box in box 13 should be checked. If the total amount you (or your spouse
if filing jointly) deferred for 2002 under all plans was more than $11,000, include the excess on
Line 7. This limit is increased to $14,000 for section 403(b) plans, if you qualify for the 15-year rule in Pub. 571.
If you were age 50 or older at the end of 2002, your employer
may have allowed an additional deferral of up to $1,000 ($500 for
section 401(k)(11)and 408(p) SIMPLE plans). This additional deferral
amount is not subject to the overall limit on elective deferrals.
A higher limit may apply to participants in section 457(b)
deferred compensation plans for the 3 years before retirement age.
contact your plan administrator for more information.
You may not deduct the amount deferred. It is not included
as income in box 1 of your W-2 form.
- Disability pensions shown on Form 1099-R if you have not reached the minimum retirement age set
by your employer. Disability pensions received after you reach that age and other payments shown
on Form 1099-R (other than payments from an IRA* or Coverdell education savings account (ESA) are reported on Lines
16a and 16b. Payments from an IRA are
reported on Lines 15a and 15b. Taxable distributions from a Coverdell ESA are reported on line 21.
- Corrective distributions shown on Form 1099-R of (a) excess salary deferrals plus earnings and (b)
excess contributions plus earnings to a retirement plan. But do not include distributions from an IRA* or Coverdell ESA on Line 7. Instead, report distributions from an IRA on Lines 15a and 15b and taxable distributions from a Coverdell ESA on Line 21.
* This includes a Roth, SEP or Simple IRA
Were You a Statutory Employee?
If you were, the “Statutory employee” box in box 13
of your W-2 form should be checked. Statutory employees include full-time life insurance
salespeople, certain agent or commission drivers and traveling sales-people, and certain homeworkers.
If you have related business expenses to deduct, report the amount shown in box 1 of your W-2 form
on Schedule C or C-EZ along with your expenses.
Missing or Incorrect Form W-2?
Your employer is required to provide or send Form W-2 to you no
later than January 31,2003. If you do not receive it by early
February, use TeleTax topic 154 to find out what to do. Even if
you do not get a Form
W-2, you must still report your earnings on line 7. If you
lose your Form W-2 or it
is incorrect, ask your employer for a new one.
Line 8a - Taxable Interest
Each payer should send you a Form 1099-INT or
Form 1099-OID. Enter total taxable interest income on Line 8a. But you must fill in and attach Schedule B
if the total is over $1,500 or any of the other conditions listed at the beginning of the Schedule B instructions apply to you.
Interest credited in 2002 on deposits that you could not withdraw because of the bankruptcy or
insolvency of the financial institution may not have to be included in your 2002 income. For details,
see Pub. 550.
If you get a 2002 Form 1099-INT for U.S. savings bond interest that includes amounts you reported
before 2002, see Pub. 550.
Line 8b - Tax-Exempt Interest
If you received any tax-exempt interest, such as from municipal bonds, report it on Line
8b. Include any exempt-interest dividends from a mutual fund or other regulated investment company.
Do not include interest earned on your IRA or or Coverdell education savings account .
Line 9 - Ordinary Dividends
Each payer should send you a Form 1099-DIV. Enter
your total ordinary dividends on Line 9. But you must fill in and attach
Schedule B if the total is over $1,500 or you received, as a nominee, ordinary
dividends that actually belong to someone else.
Capital Gain Distributions
If you received any capital
gain distributions, see the instructions for Line 13 on page 25.
Some distributions are nontaxable because they are a
return of your cost (or other basis). They will not be taxed until you recover your cost (or other basis). You must reduce your cost (or other
basis) by these distributions. After you get back all of your cost (or other basis), you must report these
distributions as capital gains on Schedule D. For details, see Pub. 550.
Dividends on insurance policies are a partial return of the premiums you paid. Do not report them as dividends. Include them in income only if they exceed the total of all net premiums you paid for the contract.
Line 10 - Taxable Refunds, Credits, or Offsets of State & Local Income Taxes
None of your refund is taxable if, in the year you paid the tax,
you did not itemize deductions.
If you received a refund, credit, or offset of state or local income taxes in 2002, you may
receive a Form 1099-G. If you chose to apply
part or all of the refund to your 2002 estimated state or local income tax, the amount applied is
treated as received in 2002. If the refund was for a tax you paid in 2001 and you itemized
deductions for 2001, use the worksheet below to see if any of your refund is taxable.
Exceptions. See Recoveries in Pub. 525
instead of using the worksheet if any of
the following apply.
- You received a refund in 2002 that is for a tax year other than 2001.
- You received a refund other than an income tax refund, such as a real
property tax refund, in 2002 of an amount deducted or credit claimed in an earlier year.
- Your 2001 taxable income was less than zero.
- You made your last payment of 2001 estimated state or local income tax in 2002.
- You owed alternative minimum tax in 2001.
- You could not deduct the full amount of credits you were entitled to in 2001 because the total credits exceeded the tax shown on your 2001 Form 1040, line 42 minus any foreign tax credit shown on the line 43 of that form.
- You could be claimed as a dependent by someone else in 2001.
Also, see Tax Benefit Rule in Pub. 525 instead
of using the worksheet if all three of the
- You had to use the Itemized Deductions Worksheet in the 2001 Schedule A instructions
because your 2001 adjusted gross income was over: $132,950($66,475 if married filing separately).
- You could not deduct all of the amount on Line 1 of the 2001 Itemized Deductions Worksheet.
- The amount on Line 8 of that 2001 worksheet would be more than the amount on Line 4 of that
worksheet if the amount on Line 4 were reduced by 80% of the refund you received in 2002.
Line 11 - Alimony Received
Enter amounts received as alimony or separate maintenance. You must let the person
who made the payments know your social security number. If you do not, you may
have to pay a $50 penalty. For more details, use TeleTax Topic 406 or see
Line 12 - Business Income or (Loss)
If you operated a business or practiced your profession as a sole proprietor, report your
income and expenses on Schedule C or
Line 13 - Capital Gain or (Loss)
If you had a capital gain or loss, including any capital gain distributions from a
mutual fund, you must complete and attach Schedule D.
Exception. You do not have to file Schedule D
if all three of the following apply.
- The only amounts you have to report on Schedule D are capital gain
distributions from box 2a of Forms
1099-DIV or substitute statements.
- None of the Forms 1099-DIV or substitute
statements have an amount in box 2b (28% rate gain), box 2d (unrecaptured
section 1250 gain), or box 2e (section 1202 gain).
- You are not filing Form 4952 (relating
to investment interest expense deduction), or the amount on Line 4e of that form is zero or blank.
If all three of the above apply, enter your capital gain distributions on Line 13 and
check the box on that Line. Also, be sure you use the
Capital Gain Tax Worksheet on page 36 to figure your tax. Your tax may be less if you use this worksheet.
Line 14 - Other Gains or (Losses)
If you sold or exchanged assets used in a trade or business, see the Instructions for
Lines 15a and 15b - IRA Distributions
You should receive a Form 1099-R showing the amount of the distribution from
your individual retirement arrangment (IRA). Unless otherwise noted in the Line 15a and 15b instructions, an IRA includes a traditional IRA, Roth IRA, simplified employee pension (SEP) IRA, and a savings incentive match plan for
employees (SIMPLE) IRA. Except as provided below, leave Line 15a blank and enter the total distribution on
Exception 1. Enter the total distribution on line 15a if you rolled over part or all of the distribution from one:
- IRA to another IRA of the same type (for example, from one traditional IRA to another traditional IRA) or
- SEP or SIMPLE IRA to a traditional IRA.
Also, put “Rollover” next to line 15b. If the total distribution was rolled over, enter zero on line 15b. If the total distribution was not rolled over, enter the part not rolled over on line 15b unless Exception 2 applies to the part not rolled over.
If you rolled over the distribution (a) in 2003 or (b) from a conduit IRA into a qualified plan (other than an IRA), attach a statement explaining what you did.
Exception 2. If any of the following apply, enter the total distribution on line 15a and use Form 8606 and its instructions to figure the amount to enter on line 15b.
- You received a distribution from an IRA (other than a Roth IRA) and you made nondeductible contributions to any of your traditional or SEP IRAs for 2002 or an earlier year. If you made nondeductible contributions to these IRAs for 2002, also see Pub. 590.
- You received a distribution from a Roth IRA.
- You converted part or all of a traditional, SEP, or SIMPLE IRA to a Roth IRA in 2002.
- You had a 2001 or 2002 IRA contribution returned to you, with the related earnings or less any loss, by the due date (including extensions) of your tax return for that year.
- You made excess contributions to your IRA for an earlier year and had them returned to you in 2002.
- You recharacterized part or all of a contribution to a Roth IRA as a traditional IRA contribution, or vice versa.
Note. If you received more than one distribution, figure the taxable amount of each distribution and enter the total of the taxable amounts on line 15b. Enter the total amount of those distributions on line 15a.
You may have to pay an additional tax if (a) you received an early
distribution from your IRA and the total distribution was not rolled
over, or (b) you were born before July 1, 1931, and received less than the
minimum required distribution from your traditional , SEP,and SIMPLE IRAs. See the instructions for
Line 58 on page 41 for details.
Lines 16a and 16b - Pensions and Annuities
You should receive a Form 1099-R showing
the amount of your pension and annuity payments. See page 27 for details on roll-overs
and lump-sum distributions. Do not include the
following payments on Lines 16a and 16b. Instead, report them on Line 7.
- Disability pensions received before you reach the minimum retirement age set by
- Corrective distributions of excess salary deferrals or excess contributions to
Attach Form(s) 1099-R to Form 1040 if any Federal income tax was
Fully Taxable Pensions and Annuities
If your pension or annuity is fully taxable,
enter it on line 16b; do not make an entry on Line 16a. Your payments are fully taxable if either of
the following applies:
- You did not contribute to the cost (see below) of your pension or annuity, or
- You got your entire cost back tax free before 2002.
Fully taxable pensions and annuities also include military retirement pay shown on
Form 1099-R. For details on military disability
pensions, see Pub. 525. If you received a Form
RRB-1099-R, see Pub. 575 to find out how to
report your benefits.
Partially Taxable Pensions and Annuities
Enter the total pension or annuity payments you received in 2002 on line
16a. If your Form 1099-R does
not show the taxable amount , you must use the General Rule explained in Pub 939 to figure the taxable part to
enter on line 16b. But if your annuity starting date (defined on page 27)
was after July 1, 1986, see page 27 to find out
if you must use the Simplified Method to
figure the taxable part.
You can ask the IRS to figure the taxable part for you for a $90 fee. For details, see Pub. 939.
If your Form 1099-R shows a
taxable amount, you may report that amount on line 16b. But you may be able
to report a lower taxable amount by using the General Rule or the Simplified Method.
Annuity Starting Date
Your annuity starting date
is the later of the first day of the first period for which you received a payment, or
the date the plan’s obligations became fixed.
You must use the Simplified Method if (a) your annuity starting date (defined above) was after July 1, 1986 , and you used this method last year to figure the taxable part or (b) your annuity starting date was after November 18,1996, and all three of the following apply.
- The payments are for (a) your life or (b) your life and that of your beneficiary.
- The payments are from a qualified employee plan, a qualified employee annuity, or a tax-sheltered annuity.
- On your annuity starting date, either you were under age 75 or the number of years of guaranteed payments was fewer than 5.
See Pub. 575 for the definition
of guaranteed payments.
If you must use the Simplified Methods , complete the worksheet on page 26 to figure the taxable part of your pension or annuity. For more details on the Simplified Method see Pub. 575 or Pub. 721 for U.S.
Civil Service retirement.
If you received U.S. Civil Service retirement benefits and you chose the alternative annuity option, see Pub 721 to figure the taxable part of your annuity. Do not use the worksheet on page 26.
Age (or Combined Ages) at Annuity Starting Date
If you are the retiree, use your age on the annuity starting date. If you are the survivor
of a retiree, use the retiree’s age on his or her annuity starting date. But if your annuity
starting date was after 1997 and the payments are for your life and that of your beneficiary,
use your combined ages on the annuity starting date.
If you are the beneficiary of an employee who died, see Pub. 575.
If there is more than one beneficiary, see Pub. 575 or Pub. 721
to figure each beneficiary’s taxable amount.
Your cost is generally your net investment
in the plan as of the annuity starting date. It does not include pre tax contributions. Your net investment should be shown in box 9b of Form 1099-R
for the first year you received payments from the plan.
A rollover is a tax-free distribution of
cash or other assets from one retirement plan that is contributed to another plan. Use Lines
16a and 16b to report a rollover, including a direct rollover, from one qualified employer’s
plan to another or to an IRA or SEP.
Enter on Line 16a the total distribution before income tax or other deductions were
withheld. This amount should be shown in box 1 of Form 1099-R. From the total on
Line 16a, subtract any contributions (usually shown in box 5) that were taxable to you
when made. From that result, subtract the amount that was rolled over. Enter the remaining amount, even if zero, on
Line 16b. Also, put “Rollover” next to Line 16b.
Special rules apply to partial rollovers of property. For more details on rollovers, including
distributions under qualified domestic relations orders, see Pub. 575.
If you received a lump-sum
distribution from a profit-sharing or retirement plan, your Form 1099-R
should have the “Total distribution” box in box 2b checked. You may owe an additional tax if you received an early
distribution from a qualified retirement plan and the total amount was not rolled over. For
details, see the instructions for
Line 58 on page 41.
Enter the total distribution on Line 16a and the taxable part on Line 16b.
You may be able to pay less tax on the distribution if you were born
before January 2, 1936, you meet certain other conditions, and you choose to
use Form 4972 to figure the
tax on any part of the distribution. You may also be able to use
Form 4972 if you are the
beneficiary of a deceased employee who was born before January 2, 1936. For
details, see Form 4972.
Line 19 - Unemployment Compensation
You should receive a Form 1099-G showing
the total unemployment compensation paid to you in 2002.
If you received an overpayment of unemployment compensation in 2002 and you repaid any of it
in 2002, subtract the amount you repaid from the total amount you received. Enter the result
on Line 19. Also, enter “Repaid” and the amount you repaid on the dotted line next to Line 19.
If, in 2002, you repaid unemployment compensation that you included in gross income in an earlier
year, you may deduct the amount repaid on Schedule
A, Line 22. But if you repaid more than $3,000, see Repayments in Pub. 525 for details on how
to report the repayment.
Lines 20a and 20b - Social Security Benefits
You should receive a Form SSA-1099 showing
in box 3 the total social security benefits paid to you. Box 4 will show the amount of
any benefits you repaid in 2002. If you received railroad retirement benefits treated as social
security, you should receive a Form RRB-1099.
Use the worksheet on page 28 to see if
any of your benefits are taxable.
Exception. Do not use the worksheet on
page 28 if any of the following apply.
- You made contributions to a traditional IRA for 2002 and you were covered by a
retirement plan at work or through self-employment. Instead, use the worksheets in
Pub. 590 to see if any of your social
security benefits are taxable and to figure your IRA deduction.
- You repaid any benefits in 2002 and your total repayments (box 4) were more
than your total benefits for 2002 (box 3). None of your benefits are taxable for 2002.
In addition, you may be able to take an itemized deduction for part of the excess
repayments if they were for benefits you included in gross income in an earlier year.
For more details, see Pub. 915.
- You file Form 2555, 2555-EZ,
4563, or 8815,
or you exclude employer-provided adoption benefits or income from sources within Puerto
Rico. Instead, use the worksheet in Pub.
Line 21 - Other Income
Do not report on this Line any income from
self-employment or fees received as a notary public. Instead, you
must use Schedule C,
F, even if you do not
have any business expenses. Also, do not report on line 21 any
nonemployee compensation shown on Form 1099-MISC. Instead, see the
chart on page 20 to find out where to report that income.
Use Line 21 to report any other income not reported on your return or other schedules.
See examples below. List
the type and amount of income. If necessary, show the required information on an attached
statement. For more details, see Miscellaneous Taxable Income in Pub. 525.
Do not report any nontaxable income on Line 21, such as child support; money or property that was inherited, willed to you, or received as a gift; or life insurance proceeds received because of a person’s death.
Examples of income to report on Line 21 are:
- Taxable distributions from a Coverdell education savings account (ESA). Distributions from a Coverdell ESA may be taxable if they are more than the qualified education expenses of the designated beneficiary in 2002. See Pub 970.
You may have to pay an additional tax if you recei ved a taxable distribution from a Coverdell ESA. See the Instructions for Form 5329.
- Prizes and awards.
- Gambling winnings, including lotteries, raffles, a lump-sum payment
from the sale of a right to receive future lottery payments,
etc. For details on gambling losses, see the instructions for
Schedule A, Line 27, on page A-6.
- Jury duty fees. Also, see the instructions
for Line 34 on page 33.
- Alaska Permanent Fund dividends.
- Qualified state tuition program earnings. However, you may be able to exclude part or all all of the earnings from income if (a) the qualified tuition program was established and maintained by a state (or agency or instrumentality of the state) and (b) any part of the distribution was used to pay qualified higher education expenses. See Pub 970
You may have to pay an additional tax if you recieved qualified tuition program earnings that are included on line 21. See the Instructions for Form 5329.
- Reimbursements or other amounts received for items deducted in an earlier year, such as
medical expenses, real estate taxes, or home mortgage interest. See Recoveries in Pub.
525 for details on how to figure the amount to report.
- Income from the rental of personal property if you engaged in the rental for
profit but were not in the business of renting such property. Also, see the instructions for
Line 34 on page 33.
- Income from an activity not engaged in for profit. See Pub. 535.
- Loss on certain corrective distributions of excess deferrals. See Retirement Plan Contributions in Pub. 525.
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