If you are an employee, the use of your listed property (whether owned or rented) in performing services as an employee is a business use only if
both the following requirements are met.
- The use is for your employer's convenience.
- The use is required as a condition of your employment.
If these requirements are not met, you cannot deduct depreciation (including the section 179 deduction) or rent expenses for your use of the
property as an employee.
Whether the use of listed property is for your employer's convenience must be determined from all the facts. The use is for your employer's
convenience if it is for a substantial business reason of the employer. The use of listed property during your regular working hours to carry on your
employer's business is generally for the employer's convenience.
Condition of employment.
Whether the use of listed property is a condition of your employment depends on all the facts and circumstances. The use of property must be
required for you to perform your duties properly. Your employer does not have to explicitly require you to use the property. However, a mere statement
by the employer that the use of the property is a condition of your employment is not sufficient.
Virginia Sycamore is employed as a courier with We Deliver, which provides local courier services. She owns and uses a motorcycle to deliver
packages to downtown offices. We Deliver explicitly requires all delivery persons to own a car or motorcycle for use in their employment. Virginia's
use of the motorcycle is for the convenience of We Deliver and is required as a condition of employment.
Bill Nelson is an inspector for Uplift, a construction company with many sites in the local area. He must travel to these sites on a regular basis.
Uplift does not furnish an automobile or explicitly require him to use his own automobile. However, it pays him for any costs he incurs in traveling
to the various sites. The use of his own automobile or a rental automobile is for the convenience of Uplift and is required as a condition of
Assume the same facts as in Example 2 except that Uplift furnishes a car to Bill, who chooses to use his own car and receive payment for using it.
The use of his own car is neither for the convenience of Uplift nor required as a condition of employment.
Marilyn Lee is a pilot for Y Company, a small charter airline. Y requires pilots to obtain 80 hours of flight time annually in addition to flight
time spent with the airline. Pilots can usually obtain these hours by flying with the Air Force Reserve or by flying part-time with another airline.
Marilyn owns her own airplane. The use of her airplane to obtain the required flight hours is neither for the convenience of the employer nor required
as a condition of employment.
David Rule is employed as an engineer with Zip, an engineering contracting firm. He occasionally takes work home at night rather than work late in
the office. He owns and uses a home computer which is virtually identical to the office model. His use of the computer is neither for the convenience
of his employer nor required as a condition of employment.
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