Instructions for Schedule J. Funeral Expenses and Expenses Incurred in Administering Property Subject to Claims
See the reverse side of Schedule J on Form 706.
Instructions for Schedule K. Debts of the Decedent and Mortgages and Liens
You must complete and attach Schedule K if you claimed deductions on either item 14 or item 15 of Part 5, Recapitulation.
Income vs. estate tax deduction.
Taxes, interest, and business expenses accrued at the date of the decedent's death are deductible both on Schedule K and as deductions in respect
of the decedent on the income tax return of the estate.
If you choose to deduct medical expenses of the decedent only on the estate tax return, they are fully deductible as claims against the estate. If,
however, they are claimed on the decedent's final income tax return under section 213(c), they may not also be claimed on the estate tax return. In
this case, you also may not deduct on the estate tax return any amounts that were not deductible on the income tax return because of the percentage
Debts of the Decedent
List under Debts of the Decedent only valid debts the decedent owed at the time of death. List any indebtedness secured by a mortgage or
other lien on property of the gross estate under the heading Mortgages and Liens. If the amount of the debt is disputed or the subject of
litigation, deduct only the amount the estate concedes to be a valid claim. Enter the amount in contest in the column provided.
Generally, if the claim against the estate is based on a promise or agreement, the deduction is limited to the extent that the liability was
contracted bona fide and for an adequate and full consideration in money or money's worth. However, any enforceable claim based on a promise or
agreement of the decedent to make a contribution or gift (such as a pledge or a subscription) to or for the use of a charitable, public, religious,
etc., organization is deductible to the extent that the deduction would be allowed as a bequest under the statute that applies.
Certain claims of a former spouse against the estate based on the relinquishment of marital rights are deductible on Schedule K. For these claims
to be deductible, all of the following conditions must be met:
- The decedent and the decedent's spouse must have entered into a written agreement relative to their marital and property rights.
- The decedent and the spouse must have been divorced before the decedent's death and the divorce must have occurred within the 3-year period
beginning on the date 1 year before the agreement was entered into. It is not required that the agreement be approved by the divorce
- The property or interest transferred under the agreement must be transferred to the decedent's spouse in settlement of the spouse's marital
You may not deduct a claim made against the estate by a remainderman relating to section 2044 property. Section 2044 property is described in the
instructions to line 6 of Part 4, General Information.
Include in this schedule notes unsecured by mortgage or other lien and give full details, including name of payee, face and unpaid balance, date
and term of note, interest rate, and date to which interest was paid before death. Include the exact nature of the claim as well as the name of the
creditor. If the claim is for services performed over a period of time, state the period covered by the claim. Example: Edison Electric Illuminating
Co., for electric service during December 2000, $150.
If the amount of the claim is the unpaid balance due on a contract for the purchase of any property included in the gross estate, indicate the
schedule and item number where you reported the property. If the claim represents a joint and separate liability, give full facts and explain the
financial responsibility of the co-obligor.
Property and income taxes.
The deduction for property taxes is limited to the taxes accrued before the date of the decedent's death. Federal taxes on income received during
the decedent's lifetime are deductible, but taxes on income received after death are not deductible.
Keep all vouchers or original records for inspection by the IRS.
Allowable death taxes.
If you elect to take a deduction under section 2053(d) rather than a credit under section 2011 or section 2014, the deduction is subject to the
limitations described in section 2053(d) and its regulations. If you have difficulty figuring the deduction, you may request a computation of it. Send
your request within a reasonable amount of time before the due date of the return to the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, Washington, DC 20224.
Attach to your request a copy of the will and relevant documents, a statement showing the distribution of the estate under the decedent's will, and a
computation of the state or foreign death tax showing the amount payable by charity.
Mortgages and Liens
List under Mortgages and Liens only obligations secured by mortgages or other liens on property that you included in the gross estate at its
full value or at a value that was undiminished by the amount of the mortgage or lien. If the debt is enforceable against other property of the estate
not subject to the mortgage or lien, or if the decedent was personally liable for the debt, you must include the full value of the property subject to
the mortgage or lien in the gross estate under the appropriate schedule and may deduct the mortgage or lien on the property on this schedule.
However, if the decedent's estate is not liable, include in the gross estate only the value of the equity of redemption (or the value of the
property less the amount of the debt), and do not deduct any portion of the indebtedness on this schedule.
Notes and other obligations secured by the deposit of collateral, such as stocks, bonds, etc., also should be listed under Mortgages and
Include under the Description column the particular schedule and item number where the property subject to the mortgage or lien is reported
in the gross estate.
Include the name and address of the mortgagee, payee, or obligee, and the date and term of the mortgage, note, or other agreement by which the debt
was established. Also include the face amount, the unpaid balance, the rate of interest, and date to which the interest was paid before the decedent's
Instructions for Schedule L. Net Losses During Administration and Expenses Incurred in Administering Property Not Subject to Claims
You must complete Schedule L and file it with the return if you claim deductions on either item 18 or item 19 of Part 5, Recapitulation.
Net Losses During Administration
You may deduct only those losses from thefts, fires, storms, shipwrecks, or other casualties that occurred during the settlement of the estate. You
may deduct only the amount not reimbursed by insurance or otherwise.
Describe in detail the loss sustained and the cause. If you received insurance or other compensation for the loss, state the amount collected.
Identify the property for which you are claiming the loss by indicating the particular schedule and item number where the property is included in the
If you elect alternate valuation, do not deduct the amount by which you reduced the value of an item to include it in the gross estate.
Do not deduct losses claimed as a deduction on a Federal income tax return or depreciation in the value of securities or other property.
Expenses Incurred in Administering Property Not Subject to Claims
You may deduct expenses incurred in administering property that is included in the gross estate but that is not subject to claims. You may only
deduct these expenses if they were paid before the section 6501 period of limitations for assessment expired.
The expenses deductible on this schedule are usually expenses incurred in the administration of a trust established by the decedent before death.
They may also be incurred in the collection of other assets or the transfer or clearance of title to other property included in the decedent's gross
estate for estate tax purposes, but not included in the decedent's probate estate.
The expenses deductible on this schedule are limited to those that are the result of settling the decedent's interest in the property or of vesting
good title to the property in the beneficiaries. Expenses incurred on behalf of the transferees (except those described above) are not deductible.
Examples of deductible and nondeductible expenses are provided in Regulations section 20.2053-8.
List the names and addresses of the persons to whom each expense was payable and the nature of the expense. Identify the property for which the
expense was incurred by indicating the schedule and item number where the property is included in the gross estate. If you do not know the exact
amount of the expense, you may deduct an estimate, provided that the amount may be verified with reasonable certainty and will be paid before the
period of limitations for assessment (referred to above) expires. Keep all vouchers and receipts for inspection by the Internal Revenue Service.
Instructions for Schedule M. Bequests, etc., to Surviving Spouse (Marital Deduction)
See the Form 706 itself for these instructions.
Instructions for Schedule O. Charitable, Public, and Similar Gifts and Bequests
You must complete Schedule O and file it with the return if you claim a deduction on item 21 of the Recapitulation.
You can claim the charitable deduction allowed under section 2055 for the value of property in the decedent's gross estate that was transferred by
the decedent during life or by will to or for the use of any of the following:
- The United States, a state, a political subdivision of a state, or the District of Columbia, for exclusively public purposes;
- Any corporation or association organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes,
including the encouragement of art, or to foster national or international amateur sports competition (but only if none of its activities involve
providing athletic facilities or equipment, unless the organization is a qualified amateur sports organization) and the prevention of cruelty to
children and animals, as long as no part of the net earnings benefits any private individual and no substantial activity is undertaken to carry on
propaganda, or otherwise attempt to influence legislation or participate in any political campaign on behalf of any candidate for public
- A trustee or a fraternal society, order or association operating under the lodge system, if the transferred property is to be used
exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, literary, or educational purposes, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, and no
substantial activity is undertaken to carry on propaganda or otherwise attempt to influence legislation, or participate in any political campaign on
behalf of any candidate for public office;
- Any veterans organization incorporated by an Act of Congress or any of its departments, local chapters, or posts, for which none of the net
earnings benefits any private individual; or
- A foreign government or its political subdivision when the use of such property is limited exclusively to charitable purposes.
For this purpose, certain Indian tribal governments are treated as states and transfers to them qualify as deductible charitable contributions. See
Rev. Proc. 83-87, 1983-2 C.B. 606, as modified and supplemented by subsequent Revenue Procedures, for a list of qualifying Indian tribal governments.
You may also claim a charitable contribution deduction for a qualifying conservation easement granted after the decedent's death under
the provisions of section 2031(c)(9).
The charitable deduction is allowed for amounts that are transferred to charitable organizations as a result of either a qualified disclaimer (see
Line 2, Qualified Disclaimer, below) or the complete termination of a power to consume, invade, or appropriate property for the benefit of
an individual. It does not matter whether termination occurs because of the death of the individual or in any other way. The termination must occur
within the period of time (including extensions) for filing the decedent's estate tax return and before the power has been exercised.
The deduction is limited to the amount actually available for charitable uses. Therefore, if under the terms of a will or the provisions of local
law, or for any other reason, the Federal estate tax, the Federal GST tax, or any other estate, GST, succession, legacy, or inheritance tax is payable
in whole or in part out of any bequest, legacy, or devise that would otherwise be allowed as a charitable deduction, the amount you may deduct is the
amount of the bequest, legacy, or devise reduced by the total amount of the taxes.
If you elected to make installment payments of the estate tax, and the interest is payable out of property transferred to charity, you must reduce
the charitable deduction by an estimate of the maximum amount of interest that will be paid on the deferred tax.
For split-interest trusts (or pooled income funds) enter in the Amount column the amount treated as passing to the charity. Do not enter the
entire amount that passes to the trust (fund).
If you are deducting the value of the residue or a part of the residue passing to charity under the decedent's will, attach a copy of the
computation showing how you determined the value, including any reduction for the taxes described above.
- A statement that shows the values of all specific and general legacies or devises for both charitable and noncharitable uses. For each
legacy or devise, indicate the paragraph or section of the decedent's will or codicil that applies. (If legacies are made to each member of a class
(e.g., $1,000 to each of the decedent's employees), show only the number of each class and the total value of property they received.)
- The date of birth of all life tenants or annuitants, the length of whose lives may affect the value of the interest passing to charity under
the decedent's will.
- A statement showing the value of all property that is included in the decedent's gross estate but does not pass under the will, such as
transfers, jointly owned property that passed to the survivor on decedent's death, and insurance payable to specific beneficiaries.
- Any other important information such as that relating to any claim, not arising under the will, to any part of the estate (e.g., a spouse
claiming dower or curtesy, or similar rights).
Line 2 - Qualified Disclaimer
The charitable deduction is allowed for amounts that are transferred to charitable organizations as a result of a qualified disclaimer. To be a
qualified disclaimer, a refusal to accept an interest in property must meet the conditions of section 2518. These are explained in Regulations
sections 25.2518-1 through 25.2518-3. If property passes to a charitable beneficiary as the result of a qualified disclaimer, check the Yes box
on line 2 and attach a copy of the written disclaimer required by section 2518(b).
If the charitable transfer was made by will, attach a certified copy of the order admitting the will to probate, in addition to the copy of the
will. If the charitable transfer was made by any other written instrument, attach a copy. If the instrument is of record, the copy should be
certified; if not, the copy should be verified.
The valuation dates used in determining the value of the gross estate apply also on Schedule O.
Instructions for Schedule P. Credit for Foreign Death Taxes
If you claim a credit on line 18 of Part 2, Tax Computation, you must complete Schedule P and file it with the return. You must attach Form(s)
706-CE, Certificate of Payment of Foreign Death Tax, to support any credit you claim.
If the foreign government refuses to certify Form 706-CE, you must file it directly with the Internal Revenue Service as instructed on the Form
706-CE. See Form 706-CE for instructions on how to complete the form and for a description of the items that must be attached to the form when the
foreign government refuses to certify it.
The credit for foreign death taxes is allowable only if the decedent was a citizen or resident of the United States. However, see section 2053(d)
and the related regulations for exceptions and limitations if the executor has elected, in certain cases, to deduct these taxes from the value of the
gross estate. For a resident, not a citizen, who was a citizen or subject of a foreign country for which the President has issued a proclamation under
section 2014(h), the credit is allowable only if the country of which the decedent was a national allows a similar credit to decedents who were U.S.
citizens residing in that country.
The credit is authorized either by statute or by treaty. If a credit is authorized by a treaty, whichever of the following is the most beneficial
to the estate is allowed: (a) the credit computed under the treaty; (b) the credit computed under the statute; or (c)
the credit computed under the treaty, plus the credit computed under the statute for death taxes paid to each political subdivision or possession of
the treaty country that are not directly or indirectly creditable under the treaty. Under the statute, the credit is authorized for all death taxes
(national and local) imposed in the foreign country. Whether local taxes are the basis for a credit under a treaty depends upon the provisions of the
If a credit for death taxes paid in more than one foreign country is allowable, a separate computation of the credit must be made for each foreign
country. The copies of Schedule P on which the additional computations are made should be attached to the copy of Schedule P provided in the return.
The total credit allowable in respect to any property, whether subjected to tax by one or more than one foreign country, is limited to the amount
of the Federal estate tax attributable to the property. The anticipated amount of the credit may be computed on the return, but the credit cannot
finally be allowed until the foreign tax has been paid and a Form 706-CE evidencing payment is filed. Section 2014(g) provides that for credits for
foreign death taxes, each U.S. possession is deemed a foreign country.
Convert death taxes paid to the foreign country into U.S. dollars by using the rate of exchange in effect at the time each payment of foreign tax
If a credit is claimed for any foreign death tax that is later recovered, see Regulations section 20.2016-1 for the notice required within 30 days.
The credit for foreign death taxes is limited to those taxes that actually were paid and for which a credit was claimed within the later of the 4
years after the filing of the estate tax return, or before the date of expiration of any extension of time for payment of the Federal estate tax, or
60 days after a final decision of the Tax Court on a timely filed petition for a redetermination of a deficiency.
Credit Under the Statute
For the credit allowed by the statute, the question of whether particular property is situated in the foreign country imposing the tax is
determined by the same principles that would apply in determining whether similar property of a nonresident not a U.S. citizen is situated within the
United States for purposes of the Federal estate tax. See the instructions for Form 706-NA.
Computation of Credit Under the Statute
Enter the amount of the estate, inheritance, legacy, and succession taxes paid to the foreign country and its possessions or political
subdivisions, attributable to property that is (a) situated in that country, (b) subjected to these taxes, and (c)
included in the gross estate. The amount entered at item 1 should not include any tax paid to the foreign country with respect to property not
situated in that country and should not include any tax paid to the foreign country with respect to property not included in the gross estate. If only
a part of the property subjected to foreign taxes is both situated in the foreign country and included in the gross estate, it will be necessary to
determine the portion of the taxes attributable to that part of the property. Also attach the computation of the amount entered at item 1.
Enter the value of the gross estate less the total of the deductions on items 20 and 21 of Part 5, Recapitulation.
Enter the value of the property situated in the foreign country that is subjected to the foreign taxes and included in the gross estate, less those
portions of the deductions taken on Schedules M and O that are attributable to the property.
Subtract line 17 of Part 2, Tax Computation, Form 706 from line 16, Part 2, Form 706, and enter the balance at item 4 of Schedule P.
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