IRS Tax Forms
 Publication 587 2001 Tax Year

### Figuring the Deduction

After you determine that you meet the tests under Qualifying for a Deduction, you can begin to figure how much you can deduct. You will need to figure the percentage of your home used for business and the limit on the deduction.

To find the business percentage, compare the size of the part of your home that you use for business to your whole house. Use the resulting percentage to figure the business part of the expenses for operating your entire home.

You can use any reasonable method to determine the business percentage. The following are two commonly used methods for figuring the percentage.

1. Divide the area (length multiplied by the width) used for business by the total area of your home.
2. Divide the number of rooms used for business by the total number of rooms in your home. You can use this method if the rooms in your home are all about the same size.

Example 1.

• Your office is 240 square feet (12 feet × 20 feet).
• Your home is 1,200 square feet.
• Your office is 20% (240 × 1,200) of the total area of your home.

Example 2.

• You use one room in your home for business.
• Your home has four rooms, all of about equal size.
• Your office is 25% (1 × 4) of the total area of your home.

Use lines 1-7 of Form 8829, or lines 1-3 on the worksheet near the end of this publication, to figure your business percentage.

#### Part-Year Use

You cannot deduct expenses for the business use of your home incurred during any part of the year you did not use your home for business purposes. For example, if you begin using part of your home for business on July 1, and you meet all the tests from that date until the end of the year, consider only your expenses for the last half of the year in figuring your allowable deduction.

#### Deduction Limit

Your deduction of otherwise nondeductible expenses, such as insurance, utilities, and depreciation (with depreciation taken last), allocable to the business, is limited to the gross income from the business use of your home minus the sum of the following.

1. The business part of expenses you could deduct even if you did not use your home for business (such as mortgage interest, real estate taxes, and casualty and theft losses, which are allowable as itemized deductions on Schedule A (Form 1040)). These expenses are discussed in detail under Deducting Expenses, later.
2. The business expenses that relate to the business activity in the home (for example, business phone, supplies, and depreciation on equipment), but not to the use of the home itself.

If you are self-employed, do not include in (2) above your deduction for half of your self-employment tax.

Carryover of unallowed expenses. If your deductions are greater than the current year's limit, you can carry over the excess to the next year. They are subject to the deduction limit for that year, whether or not you live in the same home during that year.

Figuring the deduction limit and carryover. If you are an employee or file Schedule F (Form 1040), Profit or Loss From Farming, use the worksheet near the end of this publication to figure your deduction limit and carryover. If you file Schedule C (Form 1040), figure your deduction limit and carryover on Form 8829.

Example. You meet the requirements for deducting expenses for the business use of your home. You use 20% of your home for this business. In 2001, your business expenses and the expenses for the business use of your home are deducted from your gross income in the following order.

 Gross income from business \$6,000 Less: Deductible mortgage interest and real estate taxes (20%) 3,000 Business expenses not related to the use of your home (100%) (business phone, supplies, and depreciation on equipment) 2,000 Deduction limit \$1,000 Less other expenses allocable to business use of home: Maintenance, insurance, and utilities (20%) 800 Depreciation allowed (20% = \$1,600 allowable) 200 Other expenses up to the deduction limit \$1,000 Depreciation carryover to 2002 (\$1,600 - \$200) (subject to deduction limit in 2002) \$1,400