Holders of interests in real estate mortgage investment conduits (REMICs), financial asset securitization investment trusts (FASITs), and other
collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) must follow special rules for reporting income and any expenses from these investment products.
A real estate mortgage investment conduit (REMIC) is an entity that is formed for the purpose of holding a fixed pool of mortgages
secured by interests in real property. A REMIC issues regular and residual interests to investors. For tax purposes, a REMIC is generally treated as a
partnership with the residual interest holders treated as the partners. The regular interests are treated as debt instruments.
REMIC income or loss is not income or loss from a passive activity.
For more information about the qualifications and the tax treatment that apply to a REMIC and the interests of investors in a REMIC, see sections
860A through 860G of the Internal Revenue Code, and the regulations under those sections.
A REMIC can have several classes (also known as "tranches") of regular interests. A regular interest unconditionally entitles the holder to
receive a specified principal amount (or other similar amount).
A REMIC regular interest is treated as a debt instrument for income tax purposes. Accordingly, the OID, market discount, and income reporting rules
that apply to bonds and other debt instruments as described earlier in this publication under Discount on Debt Instruments apply, with
certain modifications discussed below.
Generally, you report your income from a regular interest on line 8a, Form 1040. For more information on how to report interest and OID, see
How To Report Interest Income, earlier.
Holders must use accrual method.
Holders of regular interests must use an accrual method of accounting to report OID and interest income. Because income under an accrual method is
not determined by the receipt of cash, you may have to include OID or interest income in your taxable income even if you have not received any cash
Forms 1099-INT and 1099-OID.
You should receive a copy of Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID from the REMIC. You will also receive a written statement by March 15, 2002
(if you are a calendar year taxpayer), that provides additional information. The statement should contain enough information to enable you to figure
your accrual of market discount or amortizable bond premium.
Form 1099-INT shows the amount of interest income that accrued to you for the period you held the regular interest.
Form 1099-OID shows the amount of OID and interest, if any, that accrued to you for the period you held the regular interest. You will not
need to make any adjustments to the amounts reported even if you held the regular interest for only a part of the calendar year. However, if you
bought the regular interest at a premium or acquisition premium, see Refiguring OID shown on Form 1099-OID under Original Issue
Discount (OID), earlier.
You may not get a Form 1099.
Corporations and other persons specified in Regulation 1.6049-7(c) will not receive Forms 1099. These persons and fiscal year taxpayers may
obtain tax information by contacting the REMIC or the issuer of the CDO, if they hold directly from the REMIC or issuer of the CDO. Publication 938,
Real Estate Mortgage Investment Conduits (REMICs) Reporting Information, explains how to request this information.
Publication 938 is available only on the Internet at www.irs.gov.
If you hold a regular interest or CDO through a nominee (rather than directly), you can request the information from the nominee in the manner
prescribed in Regulation 1.6049-7(f)(7)(i).
Allocated investment expenses.
Regular interest holders in a REMIC may be allowed to deduct the REMIC's investment expenses, but only if the REMIC is a single-class
REMIC. A single-class REMIC is one that generally would be classified as a trust for tax purposes if it had not elected REMIC status.
The single-class REMIC will report your share of its investment expenses in box 5 of Form 1099-INT or box 7 of Form 1099-OID. It will
also include this amount in box 1 of Form 1099-INT or box 2 of Form 1099-OID, and on the additional written statement.
You may be able to take a deduction for these expenses subject to a 2% limit that also applies to certain other miscellaneous itemized deductions.
See chapter 3 for more information.
Redemption of regular interests at maturity.
Redemption of debt instruments at their maturity is treated as a sale or exchange. You must report redemptions on your tax return whether or not
you realize gain or loss on the transaction. Your basis is your adjusted issue price, which includes any OID you previously reported in income.
Any amount that you receive on the retirement of a debt instrument is treated in the same way as if you had sold or exchanged that instrument. A
debt instrument is retired when it is reacquired or redeemed by the issuer and canceled.
Sale or exchange of a regular interest.
Some of your gain on the sale or exchange of a REMIC regular interest may be ordinary income. The ordinary income part, if any, is:
- The amount that would have been included in your income if the yield to maturity on the regular interest had been 110% of the applicable
federal rate at the beginning of your holding period minus
- The amount you included in your income.
A residual interest is an interest in a REMIC that is not a regular interest. It is designated as a residual interest by the REMIC.
If you acquire a residual interest in a REMIC, you must take into account, on a quarterly basis, your daily portion of the taxable income or net
loss of the REMIC for each day during the tax year that you hold the residual interest. You must report these amounts as ordinary income or loss.
Basis in the residual interest.
Your basis in the residual interest is increased by the amount of taxable income you take into account. Your basis is decreased (but not below
zero) by the amount of cash or the fair market value of any property distributed to you, and by the amount of any net loss you have taken into
account. If you sell your residual interest, you must adjust your basis to reflect your share of the REMIC's taxable income or net loss immediately
before the sale. See Wash Sales, in chapter 4, for more information about selling a residual interest.
Treatment of distributions.
You must include in your gross income the part of any distribution that is more than your adjusted basis. Treat the distribution as a gain from the
sale or exchange of your residual interest.
If you hold a REMIC residual interest, you should receive Schedule Q (Form 1066), Quarterly Notice to Residual Interest Holder of REMIC
Taxable Income or Net Loss Allocation, and instructions from the REMIC each quarter. Schedule Q will indicate your share of the REMIC's
quarterly taxable income (or loss). Do not attach the Schedule Q to your tax return. Keep it for your records.
Use Part IV of Schedule E (Form 1040) to report your total share of the REMIC's taxable income (or loss) for each quarter included in your tax
For more information about reporting your income (or loss) from a residual interest in a REMIC, follow the Schedule Q (Form 1066) and Schedule E
(Form 1040) instructions.
Subject to the 2%-of-adjusted- gross-income limit, you may be able to claim a miscellaneous itemized deduction for certain ordinary and necessary
expenses that you paid or incurred in connection with your investment in a REMIC. These expenses may include certain expense items incurred by the
REMIC and passed through to you. The REMIC will report these expenses to you on line 3b of Schedule Q. See chapter 3 for information on how to report
Collateralized Debt Obligations (CDOs)
A collateralized debt obligation (CDO) is a debt instrument, other than a REMIC regular interest, that is secured by a pool of mortgages
or other evidence of debt and that has principal payments that are subject to acceleration. (Note: While REMIC regular interests are collateralized
debt obligations, they have unique rules that do not apply to CDOs issued before 1987.) CDOs, also known as "pay-through bonds," are commonly
divided into different classes (also called "tranches").
CDOs can be secured by a pool of mortgages, automobile loans, equipment leases, or credit card receivables.
For more information about the qualifications and the tax treatment that apply to an issuer of a CDO, see section 1272(a)(6) of the Internal
Revenue Code and the regulations under that section.
The OID, market discount, and income-reporting rules that apply to bonds and other debt instruments, as described earlier in this chapter under
Discount on Debt Instruments, also apply to a CDO.
You must include interest income from your CDO in your gross income under your regular method of accounting. Also include any OID accrued on your
CDO during the tax year.
Generally, you report your income from a CDO on line 8a, Form 1040. For more information about reporting these amounts on your return, see How
To Report Interest Income, earlier.
Forms 1099-INT and 1099-OID.
You should receive a copy of Form 1099-INT or Form 1099-OID. You will also receive a written statement by March 15, 2002, that provides
additional information. The statement should contain enough information about the CDO to enable you to figure your accrual of market discount or
amortizable bond premium.
Form 1099-INT shows the amount of interest income paid to you for the period you held the CDO.
Form 1099-OID shows the amount of OID accrued to you and the interest, if any, paid to you for the period you held the CDO. You should not
need to make any adjustments to the amounts reported even if you held the CDO for only a part of the calendar year. However, if you bought the CDO at
a premium or acquisition premium, see Refiguring OID shown on Form 1099-OID under Original Issue Discount (OID), earlier.
If you did not receive a Form 1099, see You may not get a Form 1099 under REMICs, earlier.
A financial asset securitization investment trust (FASIT) is an entity that securitizes debt obligations such as credit card
receivables, home equity loans, and automobile loans.
A regular interest in a FASIT is treated as a debt instrument. The rules described under Collaterized Debt Obligations (CDOs), earlier,
apply to a regular interest in a FASIT, except that a holder of a regular interest in a FASIT must use an accrual method of accounting to report OID
and interest income.
For more information about FASITs, see sections 860H through 860L of the Internal Revenue Code.