This exclusion applies to a service you provide to an employee that does not cause you to incur any substantial additional costs. The service must
be offered to customers in the ordinary course of the line of business in which the employee performs substantial services.
Generally, no-additional-cost services are excess capacity services, such as airline, bus, or train tickets; hotel rooms; or telephone services
provided free or at a reduced price to employees working in those lines of business.
Substantial additional costs.
To determine whether you incur substantial additional costs to provide a service to an employee, count any lost revenue as a cost. Do not reduce
the costs you incur by any amount the employee pays for the service. You are considered to incur substantial additional costs if you or your employees
spend a substantial amount of time in providing the service, even if the time spent would otherwise be "idle" or if the services are provided
outside normal business hours.
A no-additional-cost service provided to your employee by an unrelated employer may qualify as a no-additional-cost service if all the following
- The service is the same type of service generally provided to customers in both the line of business in which the employee works and the
line of business in which the service is provided.
- You and the employer providing the service have a written reciprocal agreement under which a group of employees of each employer, all of
whom perform substantial services in the same line of business, may receive no-additional-cost services from the other employer.
- Neither you nor the other employer incurs any substantial additional cost either in providing the service or because of the written
For this exclusion, treat the following Individuals as employees.
- A current employee.
- A former employee who retired or left on disability.
- A widow or widower of an individual who died while an employee.
- A widow or widower of a former employee who retired or left on disability.
- A leased employee who has provided services to you on a substantially full-time basis for at least a year if the services are performed
under your primary direction or control.
- A partner who performs services for a partnership.
Treat services you provide to the spouse or dependent child of an employee as provided to the employee. For this fringe benefit, "dependent
child" means any son, stepson, daughter, or stepdaughter who is a dependent of the employee, or both of whose parents have died and who has not
reached age 25. Treat a child of divorced parents as a dependent of both parents.
Treat any use of air transportation by the parent of an employee as use by the employee. This rule does not apply to use by the parent of a person
considered an employee because of item (3) above.
Exclusion from wages.
You can generally exclude the value of a no-additional-cost service you provide to an employee from the employee's wages.
Exception for highly compensated employees.
You cannot exclude from the wages of a highly compensated employee the value of a no-additional-cost service that is not available on the same
terms to one of the following groups.
- All your employees, or
- A group of employees defined under a reasonable classification you set up that does not favor highly compensated employees.
For this exclusion, a highly compensated employee for 2002 is an employee who meets either of the following tests.
- The employee was a 5% owner at any time during the year or the preceding year.
- The employee received more than $90,000 in pay for the preceding year.
You can choose to ignore test (2) if the employee was not also in the top 20% of employees when ranked by pay for the preceding year.